US Presidential Pardons List

Published: 19th May 2010
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A presidential pardon is the forgiveness of crime of a person, the penalty imposed is therefore retracted. Pardon of crime in United Sates is granted by the president. This is to ensure the check and balance in the government's branches. The main objective of presidential pardon is to correct judicial errors, however many critics said that pardons are often used for the sake of political convenience.

The lists of Pardons granted by each of the US president are as follows.

1. George Washington - Tom the Tinker
2. James Madison - Jean Lafitte, Pierre Lafitte and the Baratarian Pirates
3. Andrew Jackson - George Wilson
4. James K. Polk - John C. Fremont.
5. James Buchanan - Brigham Young
6. Andrew Johnson - Dr. Samuel Mudd, Edmund Spangler and Samuel Arnold
7. Grover Cleveland - David King Udall
8. Warren Harding - Eugene V. Debs
9. Calvin Coolidge - Marcus Garvey
10. Harry Truman - Oscar Collazo
11. Richard Nixon - Jimmy Hoffa and Angelo De Carlo
12. Gerald Ford - Richard Nixon, Robert E. Lee and Iva Toguri D Aquino
13. Jimmy Carter - Oscar Collazo, G. Gordon Liddy, Peter Yarrow, Vietnam draft dodgers, Jefferson Davis and Patty Hearst
14. Ronald Reagan - George Steinbrenner, Junior Johnson, W. Mark Felt and Edward S. Miller
15. George H.W. Bush - Elliott Abrams, Armand Hammer, Robert C. McFarlane and Caspar Weinberger
16. Bill Clinton - Roger Clinton Jr, Patty Hearst, Marc Rich, Pincus Green, Dan Rostenkowski, Susan McDougal, Henry Cisneros, Mel Reynolds Henry O. Flipper, John Deutch, Rick Hendrick, Vicki Lopez Lukis
17. George W. Bush - Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Leslie Owen Collier, Jose Compean and Ignacio Ramos

The US Department of Justice recommends that anyone who wishes to request for a pardon must wait after five years after conviction before receiving a pardon however the pardon may be given anytime by the US president and therefore brought controversy when former president Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon even if the latter was not yet even convicted nor formally charged with a crime.

The acceptance of pardon does not mean acquittal of the crime committed, when a person accepts the pardon he or she is also affirming his guilt to the crime committed and therefore will not remove the record of conviction.

The power of a US president to give pardon only extends to offenses within the jurisdiction federal law while the state governors have the power to pardon offenses under the state criminal law. While the pardon given by the US president restores many rights that were lost after conviction, they must still disclose the conviction on any form when required.

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